International Council for Education, Research and Training

Organic Farming: A Way To Sustainability


Singh, Darshan

Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Govt. College, Bhattu Kalan Fatehabad, Affiliated to C.D.L.U. Sirsa



India is a prominent global force in the field of agriculture. Agriculture constitutes the predominant sector of the Indian economy, employing more than sixty percent of the nation’s total workforce. Previously, India was depended on imports to sustain its vast population, but now it is exporting food grains after the successful implementation of the green revolution. The Green Revolution resulted in a significant increase in food production in India. However, the ecosystem has persistently degraded, particularly in terms of soil quality, vegetation health, and water resources. India has endured significant costs in achieving food security, including the depletion of subterranean water reserves, contamination of soil, and the destruction of other natural resources. Concerns regarding the sustainability of the input intensive agriculture system have arisen due to its negative repercussions. Therefore, it is necessary to alter the cropping pattern. Organic farming is a significant practice that aims to reduce the environmental and ecological consequences of sustainable development. The utilization of a greater number of organic materials in agricultural methods might mitigate the detrimental impacts on the environment by preserving its natural cycles during the recovery process. Additionally, organic farming has the potential to boost food quality. Organic farming predominantly avoids the utilization of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, growth hormones, and feed additives in animal operations. The integration of organic farming with innovative technologies is crucial for mitigating the constraints and difficulties associated with organic farming. The primary objective of this study is to shed light on the part that organic farming plays in the process of maintaining sustainability. After reviewing a number of research papers that were published in a variety of publications on the topics of sustainability, organic farming, and sustainable agriculture, it was found that farmers ought to be encouraged to adopt organic farming because organic farming is both sustainable and productive. Many farmers are able to improve their agricultural output and quality of life in a manner that is more environmentally friendly as a result of the innovative technologies and new approaches that are making new trends towards a sustainable farming system. In other words, organic farming is a reflection of the principles of sustainability that are underlying global agriculture.


Keywords: Green Revolution, sustainable development, organic farming, environmental degradation, sustainability.


Impact Statement

India’s soil is endowed with a diverse array of naturally existing organic nutrients, bestowed by a divine force, which are advantageous for the advancement of organic agricultural techniques. Various climates exist, and the ecosystem plays a role in maintaining a sustainable environment. Organic farming may be progressively implemented by taking use of existing organic infrastructure, minimizing the need for extensive use of chemical agricultural technologies, and adhering to a limit on public expenditure. It is necessary to investigate and adopt organic farming methods in order to grow crops in suitable locations that meet the criteria indicated before. This study demonstrates that organic farming has the capacity to provide greater crop yields, making it a more beneficial agricultural approach for farmers. Moreover, it has the potential to provide novel employment prospects for individuals across several sectors, including technological experts, transportation media, material storage and processing enterprises, and more. 


About Author

Darshan Singh is an assistant professor in the subject of geography at Government College, Bhattu Kalan (Fatehabad) since. He has completed his Bachelor degree from Govt. College Bhattu Kalan (Fatehabad) and after this he has completed his Master Degree (M.Sc. Geography) from Govt. P.G. College, Hisar. He has also completed the degree of Bachelor in Education from Maharaja Agrasain College of Education, Daroli, Adampur Mandi.  He has qualified the test NET/HTET/CTET/REET/NVS etc. for many times. He was selected as a Clerk in the Education Department in March, 2018 and this he was selected for the post of Assistant Professor, Geography in July, 2019. He has taught in various prominent college and school. He has a deep knowledge of competitive exams and in his guidance many students have achieved their goal. He has a teaching experience of 09 years. He has presented/published almost 50 research papers in various national and international conferences/seminars.



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