International Council for Education, Research and Training

Exploratory Factor Analysis of Managerial Entrepreneurial Competencies for Technical College Programs

Muhammad, Abubakar Ibrahim1 and Jogana, Musa Ali1

Haruna, Rabiu1 and Hamza, Samaila2

1Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano, Nigeria

2 Department of Vocational and Technology Education, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria.


Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) has many useful purposes in social sciences research. The most common EFA uses between researchers involves reducing reasonably enormous variables to manageable ones, developing and sanitizing a novel instrument’s scales and examining the relationships between variables to make a theory. The purpose of this study was to identify and analyzed a managerial entrepreneurial competency (MEC) for technical college programs in northwest geo-political zone of Nigeria. A quantitative research approach was used to develop insight from the experts’ perspectives via a survey questionnaire. The samples of the study involved 331experts including 249 teachers from nine technical colleges and 82 SMEs in the three states of the zone. Data collected were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 24, with a value of 0.864 as the Cronbach’s alpha. Moreover, the value for KMO measure of sampling adequacy equaled 0.830 and the value for Bartlett’s test was significant at 0.000 level. Consequently, out of the 15 elements run for the EFA, three elements were deleted because they did not meet the prerequisite of the factor analysis. The findings identified twelve important competencies needed for integration into technical college programs curricular. Therefore, the researchers recommended that the identified managerial entrepreneurial competencies are appropriate for integration into technical college programs curricular for sustainable entrepreneurship training of technical college student for self-employment.

INDEX TERMS: Managerial entrepreneurial competencies, self-employment, and technical college programs

Impact Statement

The main objective of establishing technical colleges is to training youths to become self-employed and self-confident. However, technical entrepreneurial competencies are considerably diverse, subject to the occupational area, organization, and creativity involved. Therefore, entrepreneurship is skills of starting a business or stimulating an already existing business that will be uplifted to the desired recognized opportunities. The involvement of technical colleges in teaching entrepreneurial activities is an interesting feature of successful education program because the training in technical is based on thinking and operating. Technical college students should be trained and encourage to think the problem not just abstract, but how this might be solved in real life. Consequently, equipping individuals with entrepreneurial competencies would enable them to live and contribute immensely to the society. The main concept of this study is the identification of suitable managerial entrepreneurial competencies required for the training of technical college students in Nigeria for self-employment.

About The Autor

Abubakar Ibrahim Muhammad PhD

Dynamic, qualified and knowledgeable care and technical educator who is attuned to the need of his students, with over 25 years’ experience in education sector. Always keep pace with the demand of the education sector. Excellent curriculum interpreter, implementer and very good team working skills. A PhD holder in Technical and Vocational Education from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; MSc. Advanced Materials from Bolton University, United Kingdom; B. Tech. (Industrial & Technical Education), Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria and Nigeria Certificate of Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Gombe. Working with Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi from 2008 to Date as a Senior Lecturer. Principal Assistant Education Officer (PAEO) with Kano State Science and Technical Schools Board, between 1994 and 2008. Has attended and presented papers at national and international conferences, workshops and seminars. Likewise, has many publications in local and international reputable journals. Also participating in community and voluntary work. He is a registered member of TRCN, Annals of Technology Education Practitioners Association of Nigeria (ATEPAN).

Musa Ali Jogana PhD

Dr. Musa Ali Jogana is an accomplished scholar and educator with expertise in curriculum studies. He obtained his PhD degree in Curriculum Studies from Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. Currently serving as a Principal Lecturer at the Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi, Kano state, Dr. Jogana has dedicated his career to the advancement of technical and vocational education.

Dr. Jogana’s research interests primarily revolve around curriculum development and improvement in technical and vocational education. As a highly regarded academic, he has made significant contributions to the field through his research, publications, and involvement in various educational initiatives.

Dr. Jogana’s commitment to excellence in education is evident in his teaching methods and his passion for empowering students with the necessary skills and knowledge for success. He is widely recognized for his academic achievements and has been honored with numerous awards and accolades for his outstanding contributions to the field.

With his extensive experience and expertise, Dr. Musa Ali Jogana continues to influence and shape the field of curriculum development and technical education, inspiring future generations of educators and learners alike.

Rabiu Haruna PhD

 Dr. Rabiu Haruna is currently a Principal Lecturer from the Department of Electrical and Electronic Technology, SOSE (Technical), Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano, Nigeria. He received his BTech (Ed) in Electrical Technology Education from Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger, Nigeria. Masters of Engineering in Communication and Information System from Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan, P.R China. Doctor of Philosophy in Technical and Vocational Education from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. His current research interests are in the areas of 21st Century Teaching and learning Skills, IR 4.0, Technical and Engineering Education, Electrical Technology Education, Wireless Communications and Networking, and many other related areas. He published articles in Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus indexed journals. He is a registered member of IEEE, TRCN, APA, ERDA, IET, IVETA, IAENG.

Samaila Hamza PhD

Dr. Samaila Hamza is a proficient researcher and academician in the field of Technical and Vocational Education. He acquired Ph.D Degree in Technical and Vocational Education from Universiti of Teknologi Malaysia. Dr. Hamza is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Vocational and Technology Education, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. Dr. Hamza has contributed immensely to the development of Technical and Vocational Education with more than 20 publications and several conference papers. He is a member of Annals of Technology Education Practitioners Association of Nigeria (ATEPAN).


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