International Council for Education, Research and Training

Street Hawking and Truancy as Predictor of Academic Performance Amongst Secondary School Students in Ondo State, Nigeria

Adeyemi, Joseph Kayode

Orchid ID 0000-0001-8012-5679
Faculty of Education, Department of Guidance and Counselling, Adekunle Ajasin University,

Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria


The paper examined street hawking as predictor of truancy among secondary school students in Ondo State, Nigeria. The population of the study comprised all the secondary school teachers. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 200 teachers. The instrument for data collection was self-constructed questionnaire titled “Street Hawking and Truancy” on four-point Likert scale. Pearson product movement correlation was used to determine the correlation coefficient which was 0.76. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The hypotheses were tested using analysis. The result indicated that there was a significant relationship between street hawking and truancy amongst secondary school students. The result also showed that there was a significant relationship between street hawking and academic performance of secondary school students, and finally the result revealed that there was a significant relationship between street hawking and academic performance of secondary school students. The study concluded that there was a positive relationship between street hawking, truancy and academic performance due to so many factors such as inability to pay school fee, unauthorized extra fees being charged by school authorities, poor socio-economic status of the students. The study recommended amongst others that the state’s constituted law enforcement agents should further intensify efforts towards apprehending any student found roaming about the streets during official school hours.

Keywords: Street hawking, truancy, academic, performance, school.

Impact Statement

Developing countries such as Nigeria are burdened with over population leading to high rates of unemployment thus contributing to the large number of people seen on the streets engaging in hawking activities. The need to continually provide for the family in the midst of unfriendly conditions has led women, men, youths and children to engage in street hawking activities. Hawking irrespective of who age and sex engages in it, is associated with major hazards. This includes sexual assault which increases the vulnerability of the hawkers to diseases such as HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, increased risk of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion.

  • The state’s constituted law enforcement agents should further intensify efforts towards apprehending any student found roaming about the streets during official school hours

The knowledge and research on street hawking would serve as a useful tool to clinicians, teachers, and the community.

About The Author

Joseph Kayode Adeyemi obtained his M.Ed in Guidance and Counselling from Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. He is currently on his Ph.D. in Counselling Psychology. He is a renowned scholar who has published in both local and international journals. At present, he teaches Education Guidance and Counselling at Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State. Mr. Adeyemi, to his credit, has attended a deluge of conferences where he had presented papers.

His current research is assessment of Suicidal tendencies amongst undergraduates in Nigerian Universities. He is a member of many learned societies such as American Counseling Association (ACA), African Academics Network (AAN), Counselling Association of Nigeria (CASSON), Positive Psychology Association of Nigeria (POPAN), International Society for Policy Research and Evaluation in School-Based Counselling (ISPRESC). Association of Counsellors and Psychotherapist in Africa (ACPA)

orchid ID 0000-0001-8012-5679


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