International Council for Education, Research and Training

Challenges For Effective Implementation Of Junior Secondary Schools Social Studies Curriculum In Nigeria

Muhammad, Sule
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University Gusau,


The paper examines the challenges for effective implementation of junior secondary schools’ social studies curriculum in Nigeria. The paper discussed the concept of Social Studies, aims and objectives of Social Studies curriculum, and Social Studies curriculum. The paper discussed the concept of curriculum, concept of curriculum implementation, and the challenges for effective implementation of junior secondary schools social studies curriculum in Nigeria which include; inadequate instructional resources, lack of well-trained Social Studies teachers, challenges of national integration, difficult in selecting appropriate methods of teaching, overlapping nature of social studies contents, inflexibility, poor ICT knowledge, policy changes, frequent turnover of teachers, lack of sufficient finance, among others. The concluded that, effective teaching and learning process in Social Studies is not one way process. It is a complex task which needed both parties; teachers, learners, parents, government, and educational stakeholders. The paper recommended that; school supervisors and administrators should ensure that Social Studies teachers use appropriate teaching methods and strategies to meet the demand, instructional resource should be provided, ICT knowledge should be given to Social Studies teachers, Social Studies teachers should be given opportunities to attend seminars, conferences, workshops and inservices in order to update their knowledge of subject matter, Social Studies curriculum reviewers should reconstructions of content of the curriculum to align its’ objectives with Social Studies. 

Key word: Social Studies, Curriculum, Curriculum Implementation, Challenges

Impact statement

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedker’s pursuit for an alternative civilization and constitutional system is the influence of Buddha’s teaching on his constitutional approach to the uplift of the people. He asserts that the fundamental factor keeping the castes separate and preventing caste fusion is custom endogamy. Another source of inspiration for the Dalit community was the Dalit Movement, founded by him. His famed motto, “Educate, Agitate, and Organize,” served as an inspiration to millions. He was a scholar and thinker who recognized the Dharma Shastras’ reality and, as a result, questioned the Shastras. Rajshekar’s book ‘Caste – A Nation within the Nation’ (2007), which shifts his fundamental tone from protest to more serious analysis explains how particular communities become marginalized within the confines of a nation-state. Casteism is implemented in all social institutions; caste is still a contentious subject in India, according to Rajshekar, who starts this book with this assertion. The goal of this study is to analyze his writing and its literary influence in order to gauge people’s attitudes about Dalit discrimination.

About The Author

Dr. Nutan Yadav is an eminent personality in the field of higher education. She is an associate Prof. of English in Department of English at Govt. College for Women Hisar. She has the teaching experience of 17 years of PG and UG classes in English. She did her Doctoral (PhD.) from Bharthiar University Coimbtore and PGCTE from English and foreign language university Hyderabad. She is a member of GJUS&T Distance Education Program at PG and UG level. She is also the member of Haryana Board paper evaluation committee. She has presented numerous research papers in national and international conferences. An author of 1 books and editor of 2 books, she has successfully completed UGC minor research project on English language teaching in Haryana. She is a paper setter and evaluator of various universities in Haryana. She is a frequent invitee as a resource person in GJUS&T HRDC in Orientation and Skill Development Programs. She is the author of the study material of GJUS&.T Distance Education Courses of PG and UG English. She is also an evaluator of IGNU programs. She has numerous publication on her credit in national and international reputed journals.


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