International Council for Education, Research and Training

Educational Counseling Strategies For Curbing Academic Dishonesty Among Students In Higher Institutions

Adeyanju, Janet Omotola and Ajani, Isaac Oluwatosin
Faculty of Education, Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, Ogbomoso


Academic dishonesty is a prevalent issue in the education system that arouses the interest of well-meaning compatriots. The dilemma has spread like wide-fire in that it is not limited to secondary schools; it is also a matter of concern in higher learning institutions. Although contemporary society is far from being the first to be confronted with the issue of understudy, the level of academic dishonesty in the modern education system has risen drastically compared to past experiences, particularly with the advent of technology. Academic dishonesty is any illegal act to falsify grades or use someone’s work without crediting the owner. It could be cheating in the examination or copying someone else’s assignment; academic dishonesty is situational.

Impact Statement

The study addresses the negative influence of academic dishonesty on students in higher institutions through educational counselling strategies. Many students engage in academic dishonesty for good grades and are not ready to give in to what it takes to achieve it legally. 

The study investigated the causative factors of academic dishonesty of students in higher institutions through interviews and found that parental and societal pressure, laziness, and fear of failure are major reasons for students’ involvement in academic dishonesty. The study establishes that Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Group Counselling, Client-centered Therapy and Leadership Training Counselling as the educational counselling strategies that can be employed to curb academic dishonesty among students of higher institutions.

About author

Janet Omotola Adeyanju, PhD is a lecturer in the Administration and Leadership Department of the Faculty of Education at the Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, Ogbomoso. She holds a PhD in Pastoral Care and Counselling from the same institution. She also holds another Ph.D. in Educational Management from Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. Her interest is in Christian Leadership through timely Caregiving and Empathic Counselling.


Isaac Oluwatosin Ajani, is a Master’s student at the Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, Ogbomoso, specializing in Educational Counselling Psychology. He is a passionate teacher of God’s word, an educationist, an astute writer, a singer, and a communicator with a mandate among young people for raising kingdom leaders. He possesses a good sense of humour and delights in seeing that his arts and acts contribute to people’s happiness. 



Ahmad, Rayees and Peer, Najmha. 2022. “Importance of Guidance and Counseling in Effective Teaching and Learning in School.” International Journal of Scientific Research, 4(6), Retrieved from Bang, E. W. 2016. The Pastor as a Counselor to Widows and Orphans. The Gospel by Pen.

Ahmadi, Hemayatullah. 2020. “Cheating in Education; A Focus on Plagiarism.” Retrieved from

Ahmed, Siyat Shukri. 2018. “Impact of Cheating University Examination on Quality of Education in Kenya: A Case of Umma University, Kenya.” European Journal of Education Studies, 5(1), Retrieved from file://CUsers/USER/Downloads/1939-76-2-PB%20(1).pdf

Anitha, Patnayakuni and Sundaram, Suresh. 2021. Prevalence, Types, and Reasons for Academic Dishonesty among College Students. Journal of Studies in Social Sciences and Humanities, 7(1), 1-15

Bachore, Mebratu M. 2016. “The Nature, Causes, and Practices of Academic Dishonesty/Cheating in Higher Education: The Case of Hawassa University.” Journal of Education and Practice, 7(19), Retrieved from

Barreto, Alfonso. 2012. “Counselling for the Training of Leaders and Leadership Development: A Commentary”. The Professional Counselor, 2(3), Retrieved from

Diego, Leo Andrew B. 2017. “Friends with Benefits: Causes and Effects of Learners’ Cheating Practices During Examination.” IAFOR Journal of Education, 5(2), Retrieved from

Eastman, J. K., L., R, and Reisenwitz, T. 2008. The Impact of Unethical Reasoning on Different Types of Academic Dishonesty:  An Exploratory Study. Journal of College Teaching &Learning, 5(12), 5-15

Egbo, Anthonia Chinonyelum. 2015. “Counselling Strategies for Curbing Examination Malpractices in Secondary Schools in Enugu State, Nigeria.” World Journal of Education, 5(3), Retrieved from

Emdorrizal, Yeni Karneli, and Marlina. 2019. “The Use of Counseling Behavior Therapy (CBT) Approach to Change Students’ Attitudes Towards Cheating Behavior at SMK 1 Gunung Talang”. International Journal of Applied Counseling and Social Sciences, 1(1), Retrieved from

Fadipe, Rasaq A. and Uwandia, John C. 2021. “Counseling Strategies for Curbing the Menace of Examination Malpractice among Students in Nigeria.” Academic Research Journal of Psychology and Counseling, 9(1), Retrieved from

Fassinger, Ruth E. and Shullman, Sandra L. 2017. “Leadership and Counseling Psychology: What Should We Know? Where Could We Go?” The Counseling Psychologist, 45(7), Retrieved from

Fluke, S. M., Peterson, R. L., and Strawhun, (J. 2014, November). Reinforcement, Strategy Brief. Lincoln, NE: Student Engagement Project, University of Nebraska-Lincoln and the Nebraska Department of Education. 

Kishor, Nand. 2022. “Study of Academic Cheating Among Senior Secondary School Students.” Global Journal for Research Analysis International, 4(5), Retrieved from file://C:/Users/USER/Downloads/ACADEMICCHEATINGMay_2015_143

McLeod, John 2013. An Introduction to Counseling. Fifth Edition. New York: Open University Press.

Ocholi, Joseph and Ocholi, Deborah I. 2017. “Guidance and Counselling as Veritable Tool for Girl-Child Transformation in Post Primary Education in Nigeria” International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education (IJCDSE), 8(3). 

Oguzie, Alphonsus E., Oguzie, Mirian N., Nnadi, Grace C., Mokwelu, Obianuju, B., and Obi, Joy S. 2019. “Effect of Group Counseling in Reducing Examination Malpractice Tendency among Secondary School Students in Imo State, Nigeria”. International Journal of Advanced Research (IJAR), Retrieved from

Oriji, Abraham and Torunarigha, Young D. 2020. “Academic Dishonesty: Examining the Causes and Consequences of Plagiarism in Higher Educational Institutions of Learning.” International Journal of Innovative Social Science & Humanities Research, 8(4), Retrieved from,IJISSHR-D-10-2020.pdf

Pal, Kulwinder (Ed.) n.d. Guidance and Counseling. New Delhi: USI Publications. Retrieved from

Planchard, M., Kristy L. D., Maroo, J., Mishra C., and McLean, T. 2015. “Homework, Motivation, and Academic Achievement in a College Genetics Course”. Bioscene, 41(2), Retrieved from

Salgong, Victor K., Ngumi, Owen and Chege, Kimani. 2016. “The Role of Guidance and Counseling in Enhancing Student Discipline in Secondary Schools in Koibatek District.” Journal of Education and Practice, 7(13), Retrieved from

Sood, Neeru. 2016. “Guidance and Counselling in Education.” Master in Education, Directorate of Distance Education, Tripura University. Retrieved from 

Sorbari, Ndinwii R. & Eremie, Maxwell. 2018. “Guidance and Counseling Strategies for Curbing Examination Malpractice among Secondary School Students in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State.” International Journal of Innovative Social Sciences & Humanities Research, 6(1), Retrieved from

Sorgo, Andrej, Vavdi, Marija, Cigler, Urska, and Kralj, Marko. 2015. “Opportunity Makes the Cheater: High School Students and Academic Dishonesty.” C.E.P.S Journal,5(4),65-75 

Wideman, Maureen 2008. “Academic Dishonesty in Postsecondary Education: A Literature Review.” Transformative Dialogues: Teaching & Learning Journal, 2(1), Retrieved from

Woody, Robert H. 1968. “Reinforcement in School Counseling.” The School Counselor, 15(4), Retrieved from

Zyromski, Brett, and Joesph, Arline E. n.d. “Utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Interventions to Positively Impact Academic Achievement in Middle School Studies”. Southern Illinois University Carbondale and North Carolina State University. Retrieved from

Scroll to Top