International Council for Education, Research and Training

How Age-friendly is the use of augmented reality in the learning process? A Systematic Survey

Bawa, Nura

Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education and Extension Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria


Augmented reality has a direct connection to the visual perception of information. Scientists lamented that individuals perceive 70 to 80 percent of the information they receive with their eyes. Based on the claim, it can be deduced that AR has a major role to play in the learning process. This study aims to determine whether AR is age-friendly and to enable its use for learning across all age groups at all educational levels. The study adopts a qualitative survey design. The population of the study includes all students currently in Sokoto State, Nigeria (across all levels). The purposive sampling technique is used to select 192 students who have experience using AR for learning. For the study, an instrument called AR Key Information Interview was developed. It was validated, a pilot study was conducted, and a reliability index of 0.83 was found using Chrombact Alpha. The study finds that AR is age-friendly and can be used at all educational levels. The study concluded that AR is one of the best technologies that can promote lifelong learning in the 21st century. The study therefore recommended that more AR be developed to facilitate the implementation of our national curriculum for sustainable national development.

Keywords: Age-friendly; augmented reality; learning process

Impact statement

The ability to include augmented reality (AR) into the learning process has been made possible by current technical advancements as well as the adaptation of younger generations who have grown up and developed among screens, video games, tablets, and other technological devices. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether AR is age-friendly for learning at all academic levels. According to the study, AR packages are age-friendly. Researchers may find this to be a useful body of literature, and educators working to develop augmented reality (AR) may find the results from this study as a reinforcer that encourages them to develop more learning ARs irrespective of the age category of the learners.

About The Author

Nura Bawa, a lecturer working with Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, is a well-organized, creative, and self-motivated qualified educational technologist specializing in e-learning. Mr. Bawa is open minded, resourceful, has an inquiring mind, and has an optimistic outlook on life. He is very passionate about the results his duties bring from the services he renders. Mr. Bawa possesses a good sense of humour and the ability to develop and motivate others. These, and his ability to communicate comfortably at all levels, make me a good team player. Academically, Mr. Bawa obtained a BSc in Economics (Education), an MSc, and a PhD in Educational Technology. As part of his contributions to academia, he attended over 30 national and international conferences and published over 40 articles in highly recognized journals.

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