International Council for Education, Research and Training

Twinkle Rastogi, Ms. Salam Manisana Devi, Mrs. Madhavi Tomar, Dr. Kalpana Munjal| Page No. 81 - 97

This critical literature review delves into the rich cultural tapestry of the Bhil community, India’s second-largest tribal group, with a focus on their art, traditions, and cultural preservation. The exploration spans regions in Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Maharashtra, emphasizing the distinctiveness between Bhil’s in Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, and Choti Undri and Badi Undri near Udaipur in Rajasthan. The study traces the historical roots of Adivasis, the colonial reclassification of Adivasis as tribes, and their current recognition as scheduled tribes’ post-independence. It sheds light on the Bhil community’s diverse rituals, songs, dances, and unique practices, such as Pithora painting, depicting the Bhil creation myth. The literature review synthesizes information from various sources, providing a comprehensive overview of Bhil art and its significant contributors. Notable Bhil artists like Bhuri Bai, Prema Fatya, and Jor Singh play a crucial role in raising awareness about Bhil life and culture through their artwork. The paper aims to present a critical analysis of nine scholarly works published between 2021 and 2023, focusing on the revival of Bhil art and the Bhil community. Additionally, it incorporates primary research, where two paintings by Bhil artists are implemented in the creation of a magazine cover, selected by fifteen academicians from fashion and interior designing institutes in Gwalior through a survey method. The methodology involves a combination of quantitative research which include secondary and primary research. Secondary research draws on extensive literature reviews using online research databases and various platforms like Google Scholar. Primary research includes the study of ten paintings by five Bhil artists and the implementation of two paintings in the magazine cover creation using acrylic markers…..Read More

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