International Council for Education, Research and Training

A Study of Impact of Climate Change on Livelihood of Farmers in Kumaon Himalaya


Joshi, Arti1, Lohani, Jitendra Kumar2 and Dwivedi, Ruchi3

1Research Scholar, Department of Regional Economics MJPRU, Bareilly (U.P.)

2Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Kumaun University, Nainital (Uttarakhand)

3Assistant Professor, Department of Regional Economics, MJPRU, Bareilly (U.P.)



Climate change in the Kumaon Himalaya can significantly affect farmers in various ways. Shifts in temperature and precipitation patterns may impact crop yields, disrupt traditional farming practices, and lead to increased vulnerability. Changes in water availability and the melting of glaciers can affect irrigation, essential for agriculture in the region. Additionally, the altered climate may influence the prevalence of pests and diseases, posing further challenges to crop production. Overall, adapting to these changes is crucial for sustaining agricultural livelihoods in the Kumaun Himalaya. The present study is based on both primary and secondary data survey to highlight the impact on farmers livelihood pattern in the study area. 


Keywords: Climate Changes, Livelihood, Agriculture


Impact Statement

The present study holds significant implications for global understanding. The present research offers valuable insights by examining the effect of climate change pattern on agricultural practices as well as on rural economy in the study region. The findings of the study describe the various challenges faced by farmers due to the climate change do that it can be helpful for policy makers, agricultural extension services and community-based organizations to know the region better. This knowledge can be beneficial for the development and implementation of targeted interventions i.e., diversification of crops, measures for conservation of water, and for alternate livelihood options.  


About Author/s

Arti Joshi is a research scholar in Department of regional economics in MJP Rohilkhand University, Bareilly (U.P.). She is UGC-NET Qualified and published a number of research papers and presented paper in various Conferences /Seminars.


Dr. Jitendra Kumar Lohani is Assistant Professor in Department of Economics, D.S.B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital (Uttarakhand). He has published 06 books (Authored and Edited) and published more than 45 research papers in various Journals and Chapter in Books. He has also presented a number of papers in National and International conferences. Also, he has organized a webinar in the department. He was UG Syllabus Preparation & Expert Committee (Economics) for NEP-2020 (Uttarakhand). He is also a reviewer of a reputed National peer-reviewed journal and also awarded with Y.P.S. Pangti research award in the year 2021 by Kumaun University, Nainital. 


Dr. Ruchi Dwivedi is presently working as Assistant professor in Department of Regional Economics, MJPRU Bareilly. She is an academician having high educational credentials and also honored on different forums for her motivational lectures on Indian culture and spiritual subjects. She has organized many conferences/workshops and value-added programs and is also actively involved in research, trainings and career counseling sessions. She has published a no of books and research papers.



  1. Roy, N. et al. (2020). Adaptation to climate change based on farmers’ perception. J. Mountain Res., 15, 47–56.

  2. Mishra, A. (2014). Changing climate of Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 3(4).

  3. Rao, C., Rama, A. et al. (2018). Climate change in Uttarakhand: Projections, Vulnerability and Farmers’ Perceptions. Journal of Agrometeorology, 20 (Special Issue-I), 37–41.

  4. Report: Analysis of schemes and programmes in the rural development sector and recommendations for strengthening the rural socio-economy in order to mitigate out-migration; rural development and migration commission p. 10. Uttarakhand.

  5. Negi, G. C. S. et al. (2012). Impact of climate. change on the western Himalayans Mountain ecosystems: An overview. Tropical Ecology, 53(3), 345–356.

  6. Jethi, R. et al. (2013). Consequence of climate change on farm women in hills; Indian farmers -digest, Feb 2013, 46(02) (pp. 41–43).

  7. Rautela, P., & Karki, B. (2015). Impact of -Change on life and livelihood of Indigenous People of higher Himalaya in Uttarakhand. American Journal of Environmental Protection, 3(4), 112–124.

  8. Rautela, P., & Karki, B. (2015). Traditional Practices for survival in Resource Depleted Himalayan region. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology, 4(8, August), 395–404.

  9. Datta, P., Behera, B., & Dil Bahadur Ralut, L. (2022). Climate change and Indian Agriculture: A systematic review of farmers perception, adaptation and transformation; Environmental Challenges, 8, 100543. envc

  10. Mandwal, Vipan, Vinay, K., & Gunwant. (2023). Uttarakhand farmers and climate change; The paladi Agriculture e-magazine., 1(3) (pp. 63–65).

  11. Viewed. on dated 17-09-2024

  12. Lei, Y., Yang, Z., & Wang, G. (2022). Dongbei Bai; Impact of climate change on agricultural productivity: a combination of spatial Durbin model and entropy approaches. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management; viewed at.

  13. Mishra, A. (2014). Changing climate of Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 3(4).

  14. Far from Home: 22 Years on, Migration.. . . on dated 17-01-2024

  15. Mamgai, R. P., & Reddy, D. N. Outmigration from Hilly Region of Uttarakhand.

  16. Sati, V. P. (2015). Climate Change and Socio-ecological transformation in high mountains: An empirical Study of Garhwal Himalaya. Change and Adaptation in Socio-Ecological Systems, 2(1), 45–46.

  17. Source for calculation used. on dated 17-01-2024

  18. Source for calculation used. on dated 17-01-2024

  19. Singh, D., & Chaudhary, S. (2024). Biodiversity and conservation. Shodh Sari-An International Multidisciplinary Journal, 03(1), 85–98.

Scroll to Top