International Council for Education, Research and Training

Caste Based Discrimination on Dalits Residing in India- A Critical Review

Rajan, Rimli

Research Scholar, CMR University, Bangalore



Caste is not confined with values and ideas alone in this present world. It showcases the behavioral attitudes of the people towards it. Caste system is conceived as a purposive rationality. At present there are many contemporary changes that have reshaped the caste system. This can be seen in the reservation policies on the basis of caste. There was a severe cast violence on Dalits as they faced a severe discrimination. The Dalits were considered as stereotyped and people who were involved in menial jobs. Most of the Dalits had to face atrocities from the upper systems of caste community. An important thing to address over here is that during the colonial period, there were caste associations, caste- based violence and caste divisions. The upper most level is occupied by Brahmins followed by Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and finally the lower level is allotted for the Shudras. The Brahmins enjoyed a high social status, wealth and education. The SCs had a low socio-economic position in the society. Even the STs have not been included into the mainstream of the society. This paper highlights the history of caste system in India. It relates to the present caste system followed in India and the various kinds of caste discrimination taking place against the Dalits. It also showcases the impact of caste system on other religions as well and also highlights the reservation policy introduced to uplift the lower castes in India. The paper finally concludes by relating to the drawbacks of caste system in India.

Keywords: Caste, caste discrimination, upper castes, lower castes, reservation policy, religions.


Impact Statement

Presently the Dalits of India have been facing atrocious treatment from people who have a high status in the society. Though the government has enunciated several measures to uplift the Dalits, still they are facing severe torture and harassments. The article describes how the Dalits are facing severe threats to exist in the society. 


About Author


I am a Research Scholar at CMR University, Bangalore. I am currently working as a lecturer in Royal PU and Degree college. I have 11 years of teaching experience. Earlier I worked in Ramaiah College of Law as an Assistant Professor in Economics. I was teaching micro economics, macroeconomics, managerial economics and business statistics. I have attended several conferences and also published articles both in peer reviewed journals and UGC based journals as well. 

ORCID NUMBER: 0000-0003-2762-3788



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