International Council for Education, Research and Training

Effect of Concept Based Cartoons as art integration on Alternative Concepts in Chemical Bonding

Kumar, Sandeep

Professor of Chemistry, and ‘by courtesy of Psychology’ School of Applied and Behavioral Sciences, NIILM University Kaithal India


This study is carried out to investigate and analyze the effect of art integration in chemistry curriculum by concept-based cartoons integrated in the context based chemical concepts learning approach on class 9th students’ alternative concepts in chemical bonding. The study was conducted with 45 students of grade 9, within a non-equivalent pretest-posttest group design (NEGD). A chemical bonding concept test conducted to gather the data with 16 multiple choice question (MCQs), and to probe their conceptions, a clinical interview with 5 open ended questions was used. Interview questions and MCQs were based on the same alternative concepts. The study concluded with a positive effect of context-based approach on the remediation of chemical bonding alternative conception. Although concepts-based cartoons found powerful tools and most helpful in resolving alternative concepts in chemical bonding but the study suggest to use more than one intervention for the remediation of alternative conception in chemical education. 

 Keywords: chemical bonding, context-based approach, alternative concepts, concept-based cartoons

Impact Statement

Context based approach is widely used in innovative pedagogy in chemistry teaching learning. It helps to nail the chemistry abstract concept with real life situations which ultimately give better retention. Art integration in context-based approach further support the retention and relevancy of the conception. This study focusses on the impact of concept-based cartoon on the learning and retention of chemical conception in chemical bonding. This study supports the integration of art in chemical abstract conception as pedagogical tool. 


About author

Dr Sandeep Kumar, Professor of Chemistry, and ‘by courtesy of Psychology’ School of Applied and Behavioral Sciences, NIILM University Kaithal India

Dr Sandeep Kumar have more than one decade experience in teaching, research, curriculum development, counselling and leadership. His areas of interest are chemical education, research, behavioural science, teacher education and practices. As resource person, he has conducted more than 225 training programs for the school and higher education teachers. He has been awarded with numerous prestigious National and International Awards. He has participated and presented research articles in more than 200 National and International conferences. He has been invited as keynote speaker, guest of honour, conference chair, and resources person in various National and International Conferences. He is associated with various National and International Organizations. 


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