International Council for Education, Research and Training

Sustainable Municipal Blueprint: An Instrument For Plummeting Torrent Susceptibility And Construction Resilient Cities In Nigeria

Abatan, Stephen Olasunkanmi1, Musibau, Lukman2, Olagoke, Mariam3 and Obanewo-Peter Esther Olamide4

1,2,3.4Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic, Ede, School of Environmental Studies, Osun State, Nigeria


Universally, (90%) of catastrophes have been brought about by floods, storms, heatwaves, and other climate-related occasions. Nigerians and their urban communities have been unending survivors of perpetual flooding for the beyond 40 years. This has brought about monstrous obliteration of properties, lived souls, significant infrastructure, and disturbance of financial exercises and ecological assets and ultimately made 2 million individuals destitute. Thusly, this has raised appropriate issues encompassing the conventional metropolitan plan of Nigerian urban areas and accordingly provoked the need to re-evaluate the idea of the metropolitan plan. This is to comprehensively consider the ecological, social, financial, and designing angles during the time spent preparation and advancement of urban areas altogether, to establish dynamic metropolitan conditions. Henceforth, the point of this paper is to audit the basic causes and the impacts of metropolitan flooding to widen the idea of the feasible metropolitan plan as a viable device to diminish flood weakness and make Nigerian first urban communities, for example, Lagos, Kano, Ibadan and Anambra versatile to flooding. The purposive methodology was utilized involving the subjective investigation of auxiliary information identified with Lagos, Anambra, Ibadan, and the Kano States and essential information from member perception. The discoveries from the paper showed that the hidden significant causes that exacerbated flooding in these Nigerian urban areas remember human activities for seepage frameworks, for example, unloading of decline, raising of designs on flood fields, improper improvement of metropolitan preparation and foundation, and other unpredictable activities that meddle straightforwardly or in a roundabout way with the free progression of water. Additionally, the review confirmed that Nigerian super urban communities needed supportable metropolitan plans because of “Nigerian Insight” on what metropolitan plans ought to be. The conventional discernment doesn’t resolve ecological issues, but instead on the shallow and style. Hence, improvement ought to instill all parts of the metropolitan plan to make human settlements comprehensive, protected, strong, and maintainable.

Keywords: Torrent, Drainage System, Sustainability, Municipal Blueprint, Infrastructure, and Growth

Impact Statement


The point of this paper is to audit the basic causes and the impacts of metropolitan flooding to widen the idea of the feasible metropolitan plan as a viable device to diminish flood weakness in Nigeria. The discoveries from the paper showed the hidden significant causes that exacerbated flooding in Nigeria which includes, poor metropolitan plans, ghettos flanking, unlawful waste unloading on seepage channels and roads corners, lack of structures and improvement of constructions on flood fields all shows an ineffectively planned, immensely impractical, and non-resilient to natural issues. The review confirms that Nigerian super-urban communities need supportable metropolitan plans and the improvement ought to be instilled all parts of the metropolitan plan to make human settlements comprehensive, protected, strong, and maintainable. The metropolitan populace and the metropolitan ghetto tenants should be incorporated into the general improvement plan and to get a fair portion of support. 

About Author/s

ABATAN, Stephen Olasunkanmi is a season researcher. He had his First National Diploma Certificate in Architectural Technology at the Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun State, had his First Degree at the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. He had his Masters at the Premier University (University of Ibadan), Currently Undertaking his PhD in Urban and Regional Planning at the Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomosho, Oyo State, Nigeria. He is a Registered Town Planner with an Architectural Background and has vast understanding in The Built Environment, Waste Governance, Waste Management and Housing. He is a Team Player, a Development Knowledge Facilitator. He is the Pioneer and Current Head of Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

Lukuman MUSIBAU holds PhD (Real Estate) from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia and MSc in Housing from University of Ibadan-Nigeria. He is a Member of Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers (ANIVS) and Registered Estate Surveyor and Valuer (RSV). He was Head, Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal Polytechnic, Ede; with public service experience as Senior Special Assistant/Sub-National Consultant, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff (DCoS) to Executive Governor, Osun State-Nigeria, Technical Assistant on MDGs and SDGs to Presidency and Osun State Government in Nigeria; and external examiner for MSc and Doctorate candidates at Nelson Mandela University, South Africa and external examiner for undergraduate students at Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Kwara State; Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Osun State; Federal Polytechnic Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State; and Federal Polytechnic Offa, Offa, Kwara State amongst others in Nigeria. He specializes and has high interest in pro-poor development activities.

Olagoke Mariam holds a Master’s degree from Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria. She is a member of Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria (AARCHES) and the Nigeria Institute of Architects (NIA). She was Acting Head, Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic Ede where she currently teaches. Her research interests are in Housing and Urban Studies, Environmental Psychology and Sustainability


Mrs. Obanewo-Peter Esther Olamide is a registered town planner with an Architectural technology background. She rose to the position of a Principal Technologist before crossing to the Academic line at Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun state. She has a Higher National Diploma Certificate in Architectural Technology, and had her first degree in Urban and Regional Planning at the Joseph Ayo Babalola University (JABU), Akure, Ondo state, Nigeria and currently, she is undertaking her Masters in Urban and Regional Planning at the Osun State University, Oshogbo, Nigeria. She is an expert in Environmental Planning and waste Management, Remote Sensing, Urban Design and Housing



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