International Council for Education, Research and Training

Assessing The Use Of Audio-visual Aided Instruction In Teaching And Learning Of Chemistry In Secondary Schools In Ankpa. L.g.a. Of Kogi State, Nigeria

1Abdulmalik, Nefisat and 2Mathew, Femi David,

3Omananyi, Emmanuel Omonogu and 4Azeez, Akeem Ayinla

1,3,4Department of Chemistry, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa, 2Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa


This work investigates the use of audio-visual aided instruction in the teaching and learning of Chemistry in Senior Secondary Schools in Ankpa Local Government Area of Kogi State. A descriptive survey was employed. The population of the study comprises of Nine Hundred and Twenty (920) Chemistry Students and Teachers. Sample size of 220 comprising 20 teachers and 200 students from 10 selected secondary schools was employed. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire. The data were analyzed using frequency table and percentage. The findings revealed that few audio-visual materials like posters, pictures, chalkboard and models are used for chemistry teaching and learning. Other ones like computer with internet services, projectors and so on are neither available nor utilized. It was however, recommended that the Government, school managers and stakeholders, parents and caregivers should ensure that they provide necessary facilities for effective teaching and teachers should ensure proper utilization of facilities while they try to improvise audio-visual materials where necessary, as these will enhance effective chemistry teaching and learning.     

Keywords: Assessment, audio-visual, instruction, learning, chemistry, teaching. 

Impact Statement

The outcome of this research work has enlightened individuals, students, teachers and research Scholars on the benefits of the use of audio-visual aids in teaching and learning chemistry and by extension other subjects in our citadel of learning. This work is an eye-opener for all that Audio- visual aids ease teaching and learning, aid retention and also minimize the teachers’ talking and at the same time, make the message clearer, more interesting and easier for the learner to assimilate. Chemistry is no longer seen as an abstract subject or subject where chemicals alone are used. It can equally be taught and learned using these materials as they make the whole process fast and understandable. The government will now see the need to provide these materials for schools for the benefit of the students, community and the country at large. Knowledge acquired is the technological development and advancement of the country we live in today since technology is now the order of the day.

About The Author

MRS Nefisat Abdulmalik Profile

The author’s name is Nefisat Abdulmalik she was born on 24th April 1990 to the family of His Royal Highness Abdulmalik Umar (Onu of Ankpa in Nigeria ), Ojogobi Ankpa in Kogi state. She graduated from Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi with B.Tech in chemistry Education in 2021 with second class upper. She Obtained an NCE in Biology/chemistry from Kogi state college of Education in 2011 in Nigeria. Attended Demonstration primary school and obtained first school leaving certificate in 2000. She has published two journal articles in Education and sciences. She is currently an assistant lecturer and a faculty member in Kogi State College of Education Ankpa. She also belongs to academic professional bodies such as Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) and Science Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN).

Femi David Matthew Profile

The author’s is Femi David Matthew he was born to Alleh family in Ekinre Ade in Kogi State Nigeria he obtained his school leaving certificate from Baptist primary school in 1989,and he graduated from secondary school in 1995 where he obtained an SSCE certificate. He proceeded to university of Ilorin in Kwara state where he obtained a B.Sc (Ed) in Physics. He obtained an M.Sc Physics in University of Nigeria Nsukka in material science and solar energy in 2013.He is a faculty member and Principal lecturer at kogi State College of Education Ankpa, He have supervised over 120 NCE students and over 10 undergraduate students. Published over 25 articles in both local and international journals he have attended several conferences both international and local,  visited several universities among which were Gitam university Hyderabad India  , Jagoan University India, University of Ibadan Nigeria, University of Nigeria Nsukka, and Kogi State University Anyigba. Just to mention a few. He is currently a research scholar undergoing Ph.D bench work in SNJB laboratory Chandwad, his research interest is nanoscience and its application to gas sensing and photocatalytic.

Azeez, Akeem Ayinla PROFILE

The author’s  name is Azeez, Akeem Ayinla,he is a faculty member and a senior lecturer in the Department of Chemistry, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa Kogi State of Nigeria. He is renowned, committed and dedicated with great love and passion for his work. He is presently the secretary and research coordinator of the same department. He had his Bachelor of Technology in 2002 at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomosho Oyo State; Postgraduate Diploma in Education (PGDE) in 2008 at Benue State University Makurdi and  Master of Technology in 2020 at Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State. He has attended several academic conferences, seminars,and workshops and has many publications in different academic journals. He also belongs to academic professional bodies such as the Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN), Science Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN) and theChemical Society of Nigeria (CSN). He is happily married and blessed with children


Abatte, F. & Mcmahon, R. (2002). Teaching health care workers: A Practical Guide. London: Macmillan Education L td.

Achor, E.E. (2006). Issues in science and society. Nsukka, Nigeria: Great A.P. Express Pub. Ltd. Pp. 121-134

Ada, N. A. (2008). The challenge of curbing examination malpractice in Nigeria’s educational system. Paper presentation at the 5th faculty of education national conference, Benue State University. 3(2): 66-69.

Adesoji F.A. & Olatunbosun S. (2008). Student, teacher and school environmental factors as determinants of achievement in senior secondary school chemistry in Oyo State, Nigeria. Adewoyin Uluslararasi Sosyal Ara_Tirmalar Dergisi. The journal of international social research, 1(2): 78-86. 

Adjai, R.  (2005). Principles and practice of teaching. London: George Irwin Publishers.

Afolabi A.O., Adeyanju O.L., Adedapo, Y.A. & Falade, A.A. (2006). Preparation and use of simple instructional materials. Oyo – SUBEB Training Manual for Primary School Teachers in Oyo State, Oyo, Odumatt 29 – 36.

Agogo, P. O & Onda, M.O. (2014). Identification of Students’ Perceived Difficult Concepts in Senior Secondary School Chemistry in Oju Local Government Area of Benue State. Global Educational Research Journal. 2(4): 044-049.

Eledalachi, C.E. (2012). Chemistry: Challenges in the Present and Future Alternative Energy Technology. In Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Conference, Workshop & Exhibition of Chemical Society of Nigeria. Pp 300-304.

Emumejaye, K. (2006). Improving the quality of engineering education in Nigeria to meet global standards. Paper presented at the 1st national conference of the school of engineering.

Enemuo, C.J., Anyaduba, O.J. & Ezeaka, N.B. (2019). Impact of the application of audio-visual aids in improving teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Awka North Local Government Area in Anambra State. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, 7(8): 136-146. 

 Eze, A. E.  Ani, C. I.  & Eya, P.E. (2007). Theories and practice of teaching. Enugu: Rojent Communications Service, Ltd.

Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) (2014). National policy on education (6th edition). Lagos: National Education Research & Development Council.

Jegede, S.A. (2007). Students’ anxiety towards the learning of chemistry in some Nigerian secondary schools. Educational research and review, 2(7): 193-197.

Ngoka, G.N. (2000). An inventory of indigenous technology in Nigeria and the integration into the school system. Nigeria journal of technical education, 9(1&2): 149 – 154.

Nnamdi, E. B. (2014). The role of chemistry education in national development. The International journal of engineering and science, 3(3): 12-17

Okechukwu, M. O. (2010). Guide to teaching practice. Ilorin: Haytee Press.

Okieimen F. E. (2007). The role of chemistry in national development. ICCON News Nov. 2007. Edition vol. 2 p 7. 2 (2)

Olatoye, R.A. (2008). Self-concept, science achievement and retention in co-educational and single-sex junior secondary schools in Ogun State Nigeria. Review of higher education and self-learning, 1(1): 69-74.

Onasanya, S. A., Adegbija, M. V. Olumorin, C. O. and Daramola, F. O., (2008). Education reforms and assessment of teachers’ competence in instructional media technology use in junior secondary schools in Kwara State. In Lawal, A.R. (Eds): Education reforms in Nigeria-past, present and future. Stirlings-Horden Publishers Ltd., Lagos, pp: 259-272.

Usman I.A. (2010). Relationship between students’ performance in practical activities and their academic achievement in integrated science using NISTEP mode of teaching, Unpublished and Ph. D Thesis Dept. of Education A.B.U. Zaria.

Usman, K. O. (2008). Teacher-made instructional materials for quality delivery of teaching and learning. Owerri: Kezz Publishers.

Uwague, A. & Ojebah, C. K. (2008). The sorry state of chemistry –The nucleus of science and technology in Nigeria polytechnic education today. Ozoro Journal of General Studies. 1:363-370.

Scroll to Top