International Council for Education, Research and Training

Global Warming And Impacts: Green Entrepreneurship To The Rescue







  Global warming and the impacts on humans have attracted global attention. Many continents are under serious threats of heatwaves and wild fires, including other climate related pestilence. The authors having understood the role of green entrepreneurship (greening, and green technology) thus promotes it as a viable mitigation measure against global warming and is optimistic that its full development in   Nigeria would be a sure path towards achieving sustainable environment That is the reason stakeholders need to expedite actions to develop in the youth’s green entrepreneurship skills. This would serve as both a rescue to cool the warming earth and for economic gains. The youths are looked upon as builders of tomorrow’s society.  They are the future generation.  They should occupy center stage in development of any society given their youthfulness. Their population in the Nigerian society is so large to be ignored, which is the more reason that they should be skilled, upskilled and motivated to action. The integrated rural development approach of empowerment emphasizes the need for people like the youths at the rural areas to be equipped with knowledge and skills in order to engender sustainable livelihoods. Therefore, through green entrepreneurship it’s envisaged that trained youths could become empowered and self-reliant. And at the same time constitute the needed pathway to rescue the earth from warming. It is hoped that through proliferation of green ventures; sustainable livelihoods should be   engendered and naturally everyone should work to reduce their carbon footprint. 

Keywords: Global warming, green entrepreneurship, youths, Nigeria. 

Impact statement

Global warming is a global climate- related phenomenon. Its severity is evidence in the reports of extreme temperature increases, wild fires , sea rise, flooding and droughts globally. These discomforting conditions would continue to affect the earth , human survival, plants and animal diversity if strategic approach is not  taken. United Nations have made dire call to reverse the trend . This review is motivated and argue that the way forward is through collaborative effort to heed to SDGs 13. The paper argue that  in order to position youths both  in rural and urban  communities in Nigeria and Africa  at large for sustainable living , they should be trained in  green entrepreneurship . Through skill development, youths can be empowered to be self reliant and build their motivation to  achieve  sustainable environment through sustainable livelihoods.  Green entrepreneurship is a potential solution to reduction in greenhouse gases,  global warming and its negative  impacts on human health, infrastructure and agriculture. Whether as mitigation  or adaptation  measures,  the growing concept of green entrepreneurship has been tested globally and  so locally  youths need to be skilled and given opportunity to contribute to  heal the earth. 

About The Author

Dr. Anakwue A. Laetitia is a Lecturer in the Institute of Education, University of Calabar. She holds a ph.D degree in Educational Psychology from University of Calabar, M.Ed degree (Counseling Psychology) University of Ibadan, B.Ed degree (Special Education and Language Arts) University of Ibadan, HND (Social pedagogy) Specialized academy for social pedagogy, Passau, Germany. Her major research interests are in Human development/learning, Guidance and counseling, Special Education, women studies, child and adolescent development. She has published journal articles and book chapters to her credit. She has attended some workshops and conferences in the specialized areas of Psychology, Childhood Education, Special Education, Research, Guidance and counseling, all of which have helped to enrich her academic perspectives and focus. Apart from being a Lecturer in University of Calabar, she has equally taught at Nursery, Primary and Secondary Schools in Germany, Oyo State, Delta State, Imo State and Cross River State. She also has administrative experiences, first as a Headmistress in Nursery/Primary Schools and Principal of Secondary school in Cross River State.

Dr Delight Omoji Idika is a Senior Lecturer from the Department of Educational Foundations who is currently serving on Secondment (as Senior Research Fellow) to coordinate the research needs at the Institute of Education, University of Calabar, Nigeria. She is an innovative Education Researcher and has vested interests in Educational Research (R/D) & Statistics, Assessment, Measurement & Evaluation. She also teaches Philosophical and Historical Foundations of Education, Economics, Office and Business Management alongside intense supervision, training and mentoring of young researchers at the undergraduate and post graduate student levels. She is an award member of ICERT, member of several other professional associations, and has published extensively in local and international Journals
and Books to her credit.

Dr Evelyn Ijeoma Orji, is a very passionate university lecturer and researcher. Her PhD is in Educational Psychology obtained in 2021. Besides, administrative responsibilities in her institute (Students advisor, examination officer, etc). Her  research interest majorly focuses on educational, social and personality psychology; school intervention, which extends to developing socio-emotional skills of students, discipline and students’ rights advocacy. These include; for equitable and inclusive school conditions that favours special needs, poverty alleviation among women and the girl child. Her special interest is in issues of study habits, peace and climate action. In the area of study habits, she assists students to construct memories of their learning through effective use of memory strategies.  In terms of peace, she is particular about developing peace building skills in basic learners to become future peace advocates and ambassadors. In the area of climate action, her drive has been on sensitization and awareness creation on climate change mitigation and adaptation through adoption of greening measures, technologies and sustainable lifestyle. Dr Evelyn I. Orji has attended more than twenty conferences (local, international, and Zoom format). She has forty (40) research papers spread across books, book of proceedings and reputable journals. She is an Interdisciplinary researcher. She has bagged two academic awards; 1. The best graduating postgraduate student of the prestigious University of Calabar, Calabar Nigeria (2021), 2. The Education Excellence Award-2022 of the International Council for Education Research and Training ( Nov. 26,2022).She is a member of the team that won the Telfund NRF 2020 on “Development and Standardization of Test Batteries for Identification of Giftedness in Nigeria, headed by Dr Oluseyi Dada, of the University of Calabar .Dr Evelyn Ijeoma Orji is a  member of Nigeria Council of Educational Psychologist (NCEP) and Nigeria chapter of the World Council on Curriculum and Instruction ( WCCIC). She is a mother of four children.


1.Joyce Kimutai, a climate Scientist at the Grantham institute). According to reports from Meteorological 

2.Weick, K. E. (1995). Sensemaking in organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

3.(Abasiekong, E.E., Ogun, G. D. & Idiong, C.I. (2021). A comparative economic analysis of aquaculture production systems in Southern Agricultural zone of Cross River State, Nigeria.  A frican Journal of Agricultural Research (AJAR) 17(1):104-111 

4.Allan de Janvry (n.d) Integrated approach to rural development. Dialogues at the Economic and social Council.

5.Babatunde, R. O. (2022). Greening and global Warming: Landscape Horticulturist Perspectives. Paper presented at the 15th Annual General Meeting and Conference of the Nigerian Institute of Landscape Horticulturists, 25-27 January, 2022, Agriculture and Rural Management Training Institute, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. 

6.Gambo, U. (2022). Basic Entrepreneurship Education for Nigerian Youths: Implication for Counselling. UBE JOURNAL: A JOURNAL OF BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA. ISSN 1596-1649 

7.Sarofim, M.C., S. Saha, M.D. Hawkins, D.M. Mills, J. Hess, R. Horton, P. Kinney, J. Schwartz, and A. St. Juliana, 2016: Ch. 2: Temperature-Related Death and Illness. The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, 43–68. [Abstract Sarofim, M.C., S. Saha, M.D. Hawkins, D.M. Mills, J. Hess, R. Horton, P. Kinney, J. Schwartz, and A. St. Juliana, 2016: Ch. 2: Temperature-Related Death and Illness. The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, 43–68.]

8.Anabaraonye.B, Orji.E. I, Ewa.B. O, & Arinze.P.C (2023) PERCEPTION ON GREEN ENTREPRENEURIAL OPPORTUNITIES IN WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA. Pg 345- 354. Conference Proceedings of 6th Covenant University International Conference on Entrepreneurship (CU-ICE) 2023.

9.Babatunde, L. M. (2009). Challenges and Opportunities for Environmental Education in Nigeria.  Nature Watch, Nigeria’s Environmental Magazine 6(1):29-32.

10.Piao, S. et. al. (2019). Characteristics, drivers and feedbacks of global greening.×Reviewed Article. Published: 09 December 2019. 

11.NASA (2020, November,24). Greening of the earth mitigates surface warming.  Available from Accessed January 10, 2022.

12.Yosef, G., Walko, R., Avisar, R., Tatarinov, F., Rotenberg, E., Yang., D. (2018). Large -scale semi-arid afforestation can enhance precipitation and carbon sequestration potential. Sci.Rep.8: 996. 

13.Li, Y., Kalnay, E., Motesharrei, S., Rita’s, J., Kucharski, F., Kirk-Davidoff, D., Bach, E. & Zeng, N. (2018). Climate model shows large-scale wind and solar farms in the Sahara increase rain and vegetation. Science 361:1019-1022. 

14.Goffner, D. Share, H., Gordon, L.J., (2019). The Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiatives as an opportunity to enhance resilience in Sahelian landscape and livelihoods. Reg.Environ. Change 19: 1417-1428

15.UN Habitat. (2017, February 10). Youth in Nigeria trained in renewable energy technologies and green entrepreneurship Africa Renewal. entrepreneurship.

16.Brockington, D. (2017) Forests Community Conservation and Local Government Performance the Village Forest Reserves of Tanzania Society and Natural Resource 20:835 848.

17.Uchechukwu, i. (July 17, 2022) Organized Labour in Criteria Raises Alarm Over Widespread Deforestation.

 18.Orji, E. I. (2019). Family Socialization Role and Healing of Nigeria’s ills. Prestige Journal of Education 2(1): 204-215.

 19.Richard, M.; Olatunji, F.& Samuel, T. (2021). Green Entrepreneurship and Employment Generation in Developing Nation. The Nigerian case. DOI:10.26855/ jhansi.2021.01.009. Journal of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, 2021,5(1),81- 88.

20.Edom, S. (2016). Top 3 Recycling Business Ideas and Opportunities in Nigeria. /

21.Anabaraonye.B., Okafor J. C, & Eriobu.C.M.(2019). Green Entrepreneurial Opportunities in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation for Sustainable Development in Nigeria. Journal of environmental and pollution management 2: 102

 22.Mojeed A. (November 10, 2022) Updated: Nigeria Launches New tree planting initiative against climate change. Premium Times.

23.European Development Initiatives (EDI,26 December, 2022). “What is Green Entrepreneurship and why is it important? Mojeed A. (November 10, 2022) Updated: Nigeria Launches New tree planting initiative against climate change. Premium Times Uchechukwu, i. (July 17, 2022) Organized Labour in Criteria Raises Alarm Over Widespread Deforestation.

24.Maya, A. T. (2020). Impact of the green economy on the level of health status of population in some EU member states. E-Journal Dialogue 2.2020 ResearchGate. net. Retrieved 

Scroll to Top