International Council for Education, Research and Training

Sources Of Work Place Stress, Length Of Years In Marriage And Adjustment Strategies Among Female Lecturers In Tartaity Institution In Sokoto State, Nigeria

Magaji, Sadiya Haliru1 and Malami, Rukayya2

1Department of Educational Foundations, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto, Nigeria


2Department of Curriculum and Instructions, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria


This study investigated sources of workplace stress, length of years in marriage and adjustment strategies among female lecturers in some selected state Colleges of Education, in North- West zone of Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 1003 female lecturers. A sample of   four hundred and forty 440 married female lecturers was arrived at using purposive sampling techniques.  Purposive   sampling technique was used to distribute the sample across the selected schools. Three instruments were used for data collection; sources of workplace stress questionnaire adopted from Abubakar (2018), length of years in marriage questionnaire (self-developed), and adjustment strategies to sources of workplace questionnaire this instrument was adapted from Yusuf (2015). The reliability coefficient of 0.76, 0.78, and 0.75 respectively were found after using test re-test and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient statistics for the three instruments. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient statistic and multiple regression statistics were used to test hypotheses. Among the findings it was revealed that, there was a positive, high and significant relationship between length of years in marriage and adjustment strategies among female lecturers in some selected tertiary institutions in Sokoto State of Nigeria. The study concluded that length of years in services is more related to adjustment strategies. The study therefore recommended that, there should be adequate sensitization on sources of workplace stress and adjustment strategies. Female lecturers in tertiary institutions should be motivated to explore counselling in order to handle their challenges. Counselling centers should also be established in workplaces to assist employees in handling their adjustment strategies and sources of workplace stress.

Keywords: Workplace stress, Adjustment strategies, Female lecturers 

Impact Statement

The study would be beneficial to the government as it will give a holistic view on the nature, complex sources and effect of work place stress on female teachers for the government to identify and offer excellent opportunities for enhancing job performance. It will be helpful also for workplaces to continue to attract and retain their female workers to provide work balance and give a quantitative boost to total work environment. The findings will also be important to curriculum planners in the sense that factors affecting women in the teaching profession would be raised and addressed. The findings would moreover help to motivate the managers in various work places to develop appropriate coping mechanisms to manage stress affecting the female teachers in their work places. 

About the Author

Dr. Sadiya Haliru Magaji the lead author is a Principal Lecturer in the Department of Educational Foundations, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto-Nigeria. She holds NCE (ABU- Zaria), B.Ed.  English, M.Ed. Guidance/C and PhD G/C all of   Usumanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto. She has written many academic papers in many local and international journals. She is a member of   Counselling Association of Nigeria (CASSON), Nigerian Society for Education Psychology (NISEP), Women in Colleges of Education (WICE) she is married happily, with children and grandchildren.  

The co-author Mrs. Rukayya Malami is a lecturer working in the Department of Curriculum and Instructions, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto-Nigeria for more than a decade. Mrs. Malami attended local/international conferences and presented many articles in the areas of Guidance & Counselling, Psychology, ICT, and Higher Education among others. He is happily married with children.


1 Abubakar, H.A. (2018). Impact of Workplace Stress on Female Teachers Performance in Secondary Schools in Zamfara state, Nigeria (Unpublished Med Dissertation). Usmanu Danfodiyo,Sokoto.

2 Akinade, E. A. (2007). Stress, Understanding and Managing It. Lagos: Pumark Publishers.

3 Christian, N. (2009). What is stress? How to Deal With Stress. Retrieved July 18, 2014 from http//

4 Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrisson, K. (2011). Research methods in education (7th ed.). London: Routledge.

5 Grobler, P. Warnich, S., Carrell, M. R., Elbert, N. F. & Hatfield, R. D. (2006). Human Resources Management in South Africa (3rd Eds.). London: Thomson learning Publishing.

6 Okoye, A. U. (2009). The Role of Guidance Counseilors in Industrial Setting. Conference Proceedings of Counselling Association of Nigeria (CASSON), v. 5- 158-162.

7 Patil, M. (2011). What is Stress? Meaning, Definition and Causes of Stress.

8 Henley, A. B. & Quick, C. (2004). The Balancing Act at Work and at Home. Organizational Dynamics, 33 (4), 426 – 438.

9 Scott, M. S. (2012). Common Marriage Problems and Solutions Sources of Marriage Problems. Retrieved December 12, 2012 from

10 Stutxer, A. & Frey B. S, (2006). Does Marriage Make People Happy or Do Happy People get Married? Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 326- 347.

11 Tambawal, M. U. (2009). Counselling in Work Place Settings. Conference Proceedings of Counselling Association of Nigeria, (CASSON), 151- 157.

12 Yusuf, J. (2015). Source of Work Place Stress, Marital Challenges and adjustment strategies of literate working class married persons in Nigeria (Unpublished Ph.D Thesis) University of Ilorin.

Scroll to Top