International Council for Education, Research and Training


Ifatokun, Victor

Baptist College of Theology, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria



The thrust of this work is on the necessity of peaceful coexistence between Christians and Muslims to enhance and strengthen sustainable development in Nigeria. Christianity and Islam are the two major and decisive religions in Nigeria. Deplorably, the two religions that should teach and promote love, tolerance, and unity as enshrined in both the Bible and al-Qur’an, have been subtlety used as an indicator of political and social identity in a way that rouse conflicts over resources, land, political and economic power. This has led to the upsurge in religious intolerance and bigotry, unbridled and aggressive action of the fundamentalists, wrong religious orientations, mindless selfishness among some religious leaders, and low level of religious literacy among some adherents, which is currently posing a crucial threat to sustainable development in Nigeria. Therefore, this study critically examines the interplay of peaceful coexistence between Christians and Muslims through dialogue for the transformation and sustainable development of Nigeria. The study employed a descriptive research method, purely based on written sources comprised of books, journals, and websites. The study, among other things, revealed that peaceful coexistence between Christians and Muslims is crucial for the economic, political, and social development of Nigeria. It was discovered that through dialogue, the intolerance and conflict situation in Nigeria can be transformed into a culture of peace characterized by respect, trust, liberty, tolerance, equality, and brotherliness that will foster sustainable development. The study, therefore, concluded with the recommendation that since religious isolation and bigotry are not conducive to sustainable progress and development, individual and religious institutions should embrace and proclaim dialogue reflecting brotherhood, peace, solidarity, unity, and love, which will play a vital role in shaping and establishing a better prosperous future for the nation.


Keywords: Religion, Christianity, Islam, Nigeria, Sustainable Development, and Peaceful Coexistence.


Impact Statement

“Christian-Muslim” peaceful coexistence: a sine qua non for sustainable development in Nigeria” discusses the nexus and necessity of peaceful coexistence between people of different faiths, such as Christians and Muslims, on sustainable development in Nigeria. Peaceful coexistence is critical in driving progress and prosperity and attaining sustainable growth and development in a nation. Embracing peaceful coexistence through tolerance and respect for religious diversity strengthens social bonds and encourages economic growth and cultural enrichment. Such improved relationships create a more conducive environment in the nation, enhance unity, reduce wanton destruction of lives and properties, promote growth, and foster a thriving environment conducive to national integration and development. The findings of this study shed light on the indispensable role of peaceful coexistence in building a cohesive society and prosperous nation. The study, among other things, revealed that peaceful coexistence between Christians and Muslims is crucial for the economic, political, and social development of Nigeria.


About Author

Victor IFATOKUN holds a Master of Theology in World Religions and is a researcher in the field of Comparative Religion Studies. His areas of interest include, but are not limited to, Theology, Sociology of Religion (Religion and Social Institutions), and Philosophy of Religion. He has published chapters in books and articles in local and international journals. 



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